Flora and Fauna: As the climate and topography vary greatly in Turkey, so does the flora and fauna. The Black Sea region is renowned for its forests of leaf bearing and coniferous trees and for the apples, pears, cherries which is originated from Turkey, hazelnuts, mandarin oranges, tobacco and tea that are grown there. Along the eastern Mediterranean shores the local vegetation is tropical, with flourishing banana, palm and citrus trees and sugar cane and cotton. From the western Mediterranean, Aegean and Marmara coasts: olive, citrus and pine trees along the mountains are found. On the steppes of Central Anatolia: natural pastures with scattered-forested areas. In Europe, there are 11,500 kind of flora with flowers. In Turkey, this number is 9,000 but 3,000 of this flora only grow in Turkey
Cappadocia & East Turkey and Black Sea (13 Days - 12 Nights)
DAY 1: Ankara- Cappadocia: Arrive to Ankara where meet with your guide and follows transfer and visit to the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations and The Mausoleum of Ataturk. Lunch at a local restaurant in Ankara and drive to Cappadocia through the Anatolian countryside. Arrive our hotel. Dinner and ON (L)
DAY 2: Full day tour in Cappadocia, including the natural citadel of Uchisar to see the amazing landscape of region; Goreme Valley with the churches and monasteries painted with colorful frescoes. Uchisar Castle, Pigeon Valley,Pasabag, A Potteryshop visits and The valley of Rose and Kaymakli Underground city carved by the Early Christians, as a refuge from the persecutors. Return to hotel. ON (B,L)
DAY 3: Nigde-Tarsus- Adana: Early departure and head for Tarsus via Nigde. On the way Visit Eskigumus Monastery, which is the only monastery with smiling Virgin Mary frescoe. We pass mt Taurus down to Mediterranean, Arrival to Tartus where visit Dwell of St Paul and we remember he was born here. Lunch on the way. Arrive to our hotel in Adana. Dinner and overnight. (B,L)
DAY 4: Adana - Antioch - SanliUrfa: After breakfast, depart to Antakya (Antioch) arival and visit St. Peter's Grotto which is the first church in the world and also the greatest Mosaic Museum. After lunch drive to SanliUrfa. Arrive our hotel and overnight. (B,L)
DAY 5: Urfa - Adiyaman -Kahta -Nemrut: After breakast. Morning we have visit to, Halil Rahman Mosque and Balikligol, the sanctuary place of Abraham the prophet. Follows lunch On the way visit to Gobeklitepe (Human's first Temple settled 12.000y.o) then Proceeding to Nemrut Mountain, to visit world famous Tumulus of Antiochos II, the King of Commegenes. We arrive our hotel in Kahta. We depart and climb tomt Nemrut, wellcome Sunset and back to hotel, Dinner and ON. (B,L)
DAY 6: Kahta - Diyarbakir: After breakfast drive to Diyarbakir, lunch enroute. The city tour in the afternoon as some of them Grand Mosque, Keldani Church, City Walls. Dinner and overnight in Diyarbekir. (B,L)
DAY 7: Diyarbakir-Mardin-Midyat- Bitlis: Breakfast follows depart to Mardin, upon arrival visit to Deyrulzefaran monastery, lunch in Mardin then depart to Midyat, then Hasankeyf visits we arrive our hotel and ON in Batman city. (B,L)
DAY 8: Bitlis - Van: After breakfast at the hotel, drive to Van. On arrival Visit the Akdamar Armenian Church which was built on an island on the Van Lake (complately restorated and re-opened in february 2007. Lunch will be served restaurand near by Van Lake. ON in Van (B,L)
DAY 9: DoguBeyazit- Mt Ararat: After breakfast proceeding to Dogubeyazit (2 hrs) and visit Ishakpasa Palace, lunch enroute. Photobreak for holy Mt. Ararat. Dinner at your hotel in Dogubeyazit. (B,L)
DAY 10: Kars, Ani: After breakfast drive to Kars way, on thre way visit the ruins of ancient city Ani. Lunch will be served on the way. Arrive our hotel in Kars (Turkey's border city). Dinner and overnight. (B, L)
DAY 11: Kars - Trabzon: Spend the morning in the Kars city, after lunch drive to Trabzon (Black Sea coastal City), once arrival our hotel; dinner and overnight. (B, L)
DAY 12: Trabzon (Black Sea Coast: Breakfast at hotel and Morning visit to Sumela Monastry, return to Trabzon to visit St. Sophia Church (Ayasofya). Free time for shopping, public bazaar. Enjoy to be in Trabzon. Dinner and ON (B, L)
DAY 13: After breakfast transfer to the Trabzon airport. End of tour and our services (B)
Accommodation and stays in 4 and 3 stars hotels - a professional licenced tour Guide - Mentioned meals above in the tour program - A comfortable Bus, car or minivan - All entrance fees where necessary.
On arrival airport visa fee -taxes on custom - International flight tickets, Local flight ticket from istanbul to Ankara and Trabzon to Istanbul - Drinks on the meals - Self expences in Hotel rooms (Minibar- Laundry-Telephone etc) - Tips to Guide and Driver.
Herewith I would like to emphasize again the excellent experience we had last week with our guide Yildirim on the climbing of the Ararat. He was taking care of us with a lot of attention and we could really trust on him. Also after the climbing he was escorting us very kindly and all appointments were taken accurately. It was really a great pleasure for us.
We should also congratulate Celam who prepared nice meals, always with enthousiasm, and we will remind him as our good cook forever.
As soon as we have the opportunity, we will send you some pictures about this expedition.
Be assured we are happy about the way it was organised.
Pierre Kockerols / Brussel